BCL6 Antagonizes NOTCH2 to Maintain Survival of Human Follicular Lymphoma Cells
Ester Valls 1 , Camille Lobry 2 3 , Huimin Geng 1 4 5 , Ling Wang 1 , Mariano Cardenas 1 , Martín Rivas 1 , Leandro Cerchietti 1 , Philmo Oh 2 , Shao Ning Yang 1 , Erin Oswald 1 , Camille W Graham 6 , Yanwen Jiang 1 , Katerina Hatzi 1 7 , Xabier Agirre 1 8 , Eric Perkey 9 10 , Zhuoning Li 1 , Wayne Tam 11 , Kamala Bhatt 2 , John P Leonard 1 , Patrick A Zweidler-McKay 6 , Ivan Maillard 9 , Olivier Elemento 4 , Weimin Ci 12 13 , Iannis Aifantis 14 , Ari Melnick 12
Although the BCL6 transcriptional repressor is frequently expressed in human follicular lymphomas (FL), its biological role in this disease remains unknown.
Herein, we comprehensively identify the set of gene promoters directly targeted by BCL6 in primary human FLs. We noted that BCL6 binds and represses NOTCH2 and NOTCH pathway genes. Moreover, BCL6 and NOTCH2 pathway gene expression is inversely correlated in FL. Notably, BCL6 upregulation is associated with repression of NOTCH2 and its target genes in primary human and murine germinal center (GC) cells. Repression of NOTCH2 is an essential function of BCL6 in FL and GC B cells because inducible expression of Notch2 abrogated GC formation in mice and killed FL cells.
Indeed, BCL6-targeting compounds or gene silencing leads to the induction of NOTCH2 activity and compromises survival of FL cells, whereas NOTCH2 depletion or pathway antagonists rescue FL cells from such effects. Moreover, BCL6 inhibitors induced NOTCH2 expression and suppressed growth of human FL xenografts in vivo and primary human FL specimens ex vivo
These studies suggest that established FLs are thus dependent on BCL6 through its suppression of NOTCH2Significance: We show that human FLs are dependent on BCL6, and primary human FLs can be killed using specific BCL6 inhibitors. Integrative genomics and functional studies of BCL6 in primary FL cells point toward a novel mechanism whereby BCL6 repression of NOTCH2 drives the survival and growth of FL cells as well as GC B cells, which are the FL cell of origin. Cancer Discov; 7(5); 506-21. ©2017 AACR.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 443.
CITATION Cancer Discov. 2017 May;7(5):506-521. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-16-1189. Epub 2017 Feb 23