Priming of dendritic cells by DNA-containing extracellular vesicles from activated T cells through antigen-driven contacts
Daniel Torralba, Francesc Baixauli, Carolina Villarroya-Beltri, Irene Fernández-Delgado, Ana Latorre-Pellicer, Rebeca Acín-Pérez, Noa B Martín-Cófreces, Ángel Luis Jaso-Tamame, Salvador Iborra, Inmaculada Jorge, Gloria González-Aseguinolaza, Johan Garaude, Miguel Vicente-Manzanares, José Antonio Enríquez, María Mittelbrunn, Francisco Sánchez-Madrid
Interaction of T cell with antigen-bearing dendritic cells (DC) results in T cell activation, but whether this interaction has physiological consequences on DC function is largely unexplored. Here we show that when antigen-bearing DCs contact T cells, DCs initiate anti-pathogenic programs. Signals of this interaction are transmitted from the T cell to the DC, through extracellular vesicles (EV) that contain genomic and mitochondrial DNA, to induce antiviral responses via the cGAS/STING cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway and expression of IRF3-dependent interferon regulated genes.
Moreover, EV-treated DCs are more resistant to subsequent viral infections. In summary, our results show that T cells prime DCs through the transfer of exosomal DNA, supporting a specific role for antigen-dependent contacts in conferring protection to DCs against pathogen infection. The reciprocal communication between innate and adaptive immune cells thus allow efficacious responses to unknown threats.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Nat Commun. 2018 Jul 9;9(1):2658. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05077-9.