Expression of cannabinoid CB1R-GPR55 heteromers in neuronal subtypes of theMacaca fascicularisstriatum
Eva Martínez-Pinilla, Alberto J Rico, Rafael Rivas-Santisteban, Jaume Lillo, Elvira Roda, Gemma Navarro, Rafael Franco, José Luis Lanciego
The cannabinoid CB1 receptor (CB1 R) is the most abundant G protein-coupled receptor in the central nervous system, consistent with the important role of endocannabinoids as neuromodulators. Cannabinoids also modulate the function of G protein-coupled receptor 55 (GPR55), which forms heteroreceptor complexes with the CB1 R in the striatum. The aim was to characterize cannabinoid CB1 R-GPR55 heteromers (CB1 R/GPR55Hets) in the basal ganglia input nuclei of nonhuman primates, Macaca fascicularis, both in projection neurons and interneurons, by the in situ proximity ligation assay. Striatal projecting neurons were identified by the retrograde neuroanatomical tracer, biotinylated dextran amine (BDA), injected into external or internal subdivisions of the globus pallidus.
Triple immunofluorescent stains were carried out to visualize (1) BDA-labeled neurons, (2) CB1 R/GPR55Hets, and (3) striatal interneurons positive for choline acetyltransferase, parvalbumin, calretinin, or nitric oxide synthase. CB1 R/GPR55Hets were identified within both types of projection neurons as well as all interneurons except those that are cholinergic. Moreover, CB1 R/GPR55Hets were found specifically in the neuronal cell surface, and also in intracellular membranes. Further research efforts will be needed to confirm the intracellular occurrence of heteromers and their potential as therapeutic targets in diseases related to motor control imbalances, particularly within a parkinsonian context (with or without levodopa-induced dyskinesia).
CITATION Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2020 Sep;1475(1):34-42. doi: 10.1111/nyas.14413. Epub 2020 Jun 27.