Publicaciones científicas

Methods to assess radiation induced abscopal responses in mice

28-mar-2023 | Revista: Methods in Cell Biology

Eneko Garate-Soraluze 1, Irantzu Serrano-Mendioroz 1, María Rodriguez-Ruiz 2


Radiotherapy (RT) can work together with the immune system to eliminate cancer. It can cause immunogenic cell death and facilitate tumor neoantigen presentation and thereby the cross-priming of tumor-specific T-lymphocytes, turning irradiated tumors into in-situ vaccines. Accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence indicates that RT in conjunction with ICB leads to systemic anti-tumor immune responses, thus stimulating interest in using ICB to overcome primary and acquired cancer resistance to radiotherapy.

However, the systemic effects (abscopal effects) obtained to date are far from being acceptable for clinical translation. In this context, multiple preclinical mouse models have demonstrated that a variety of immunotherapy agents can be delivered locally to enhance antitumor immunity both in a local and systemic fashion. Using two slightly asynchronous and anatomically distant subcutaneous B16OVA tumors in syngeneic immunocompetent hosts (C57BL/6), we describe the feasibility of a local immunotherapy treatment given in combination with external beam irradiation, which exerts immune-mediated antitumor effects in mice and humans upon intratumoral delivery. With minor variations, the same technique can be easily applied to a variety of mouse transplantable tumors.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Methods Cell Biol. 2023:180:81-92. doi: 10.1016/bs.mcb.2023.02.011. Epub 2023 Mar 28.