Nanomedicine and drug delivery systems in cancer and regenerative medicine
Elisa Garbayo, Simon Pascual-Gil, Carlos Rodríguez-Nogales, Laura Saludas, Ander Estella-Hermoso de Mendoza, Maria J Blanco-Prieto
Nanomedicine and drug delivery technologies play a prominent role in modern medicine, facilitating better treatments than conventional drugs. Nanomedicine is being increasingly used to develop new methods of cancer diagnosis and treatment, since this technology can modulate the biodistribution and the target site accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs, thereby reducing their toxicity. Regenerative medicine provides another area where innovative drug delivery technology is being studied for improved tissue regeneration.
Drug delivery systems can protect therapeutic proteins and peptides against degradation in biological environments and deliver them in a controlled manner. Similarly, the combination of drug delivery systems and stem cells can improve their survival, differentiation, and engraftment. The present review summarizes the most important steps carried-out by the group of Prof Blanco-Prieto in nanomedicine and drug delivery technologies. Throughout her scientific career, she has contributed to the area of nanomedicine to improve anticancer therapy.
In particular, nanoparticles loaded with edelfosine, doxorubicin, or methotrexate have demonstrated great anticancer activity in preclinical settings of lymphoma, glioma, and pediatric osteosarcoma. In regenerative medicine, a major focus has been the development of drug delivery systems for brain and cardiac repair. In this context, several microparticle-based technologies loaded with biologics have demonstrated efficacy in clinically relevant animal models such as monkeys and pigs.
The latest research by this group has shown that drug delivery systems combined with cell therapy can achieve a more complete and potent regenerative response. Cutting-edge areas such as noninvasive intravenous delivery of cardioprotective nanomedicines or extracellular vesicle-based therapies are also being explored. This article is categorized under: Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Emerging Technologies Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Nanomedicine for Oncologic Disease.
CITATION Wiley Interdiscip Rev Nanomed Nanobiotechnol. 2020 Sep;12(5):e1637. doi: 10.1002/wnan.1637. Epub 2020 Apr 29.