Scientific publications

Splicing alterations contributing to cancer hallmarks in the liver: central role of dedifferentiation and genome instability

Oct 31, 2018 | Magazine: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Maddalen Jimenez 1, María Arechederra 1, Matías A Ávila 1 2 3, Carmen Berasain 1 2 3


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related death worldwide. HCCs are molecularly heterogeneous tumors, and this complexity is to a great extent responsible for their poor response to conventional and targeted therapies. In this review we summarize recent evidence indicating that imbalanced expression of mRNA splicing factors can be a relevant source for this heterogeneity. We also discuss how these alterations may play a driver role in hepatocarcinogenesis by impinging on the general hallmarks of cancer. Considering the natural history of HCC, we focused on two pathogenic features that are characteristic of liver tumors: chromosomal instability and phenotypic de-differentiation. We highlight mechanisms connecting splicing derangement with these two processes and the enabling capacities acquired by liver cells along their neoplastic transformation. A thorough understanding of the alterations in the splicing machinery 

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Oct 31:3:84. doi: 10.21037/tgh.2018.10.11. eCollection 2018.