Scientific publications

Understanding and Tackling Immune Responses to Adeno-Associated Viral Vectors

Sep 14, 2023 | Magazine: Human Gene Therapy

Helena Costa-Verdera 1, Carmen Unzu 2, Erika Valeri 1, Sahil Adriouch 3, Gloria González Aseguinolaza 2 4, Federico Mingozzi 5, Anna Kajaste-Rudnitski 1


As the clinical experience in adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector-based gene therapies is expanding, the necessity to better understand and control the host immune responses is also increasing. Immunogenicity of AAV vectors in humans has been linked to several limitations of the platform, including lack of efficacy due to antibody-mediated neutralization, tissue inflammation, loss of transgene expression, and in some cases, complement activation and acute toxicities.

Nevertheless, significant knowledge gaps remain in our understanding of the mechanisms of immune responses to AAV gene therapies, further hampered by the failure of preclinical animal models to recapitulate clinical findings. In this review, we focus on the current knowledge regarding immune responses, spanning from innate immunity to humoral and adaptive responses, triggered by AAV vectors and how they can be mitigated for safer, durable, and more effective gene therapies.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Hum Gene Ther. 2023 Sep;34(17-18):836-852. doi: 10.1089/hum.2023.119.