Functional characterization of iPSC-derived arterial- and venous-like endothelial cells
S Rosa, C Praça, P R Pitrez, P José Gouveia, X L Aranguren, L Ricotti, L Silva Ferreira
The current work reports the functional characterization of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)- arterial and venous-like endothelial cells (ECs), derived in chemically defined conditions, either in monoculture or seeded in a scaffold with mechanical properties similar to blood vessels. iPSC-derived arterial- and venous-like endothelial cells were obtained in two steps: differentiation of iPSCs into endothelial precursor cells (CD31pos/KDRpos/VE-Cadmed/EphB2neg/COUP-TFneg) followed by their differentiation into arterial and venous-like ECs using a high and low vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentration. Cells were characterized at gene, protein and functional levels.
Functionally, both arterial and venous-like iPSC-derived ECs responded to vasoactive agonists such as thrombin and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), similar to somatic ECs; however, arterial-like iPSC-derived ECs produced higher nitric oxide (NO) and elongation to shear stress than venous-like iPSC-derived ECs. Both cells adhered, proliferated and prevented platelet activation when seeded in poly(caprolactone) scaffolds. Interestingly, both iPSC-derived ECs cultured in monoculture or in a scaffold showed a different inflammatory profile than somatic ECs. Although both somatic and iPSC-derived ECs responded to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) by an increase in the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), only somatic ECs showed an upregulation in the expression of E-selectin or vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1).
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Sci Rep. 2019 Mar 7;9(1):3826. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-40417-9.