PD-L1 Crosslinking as a New Strategy of 4-1BB Agonism Immunotherapy
Fei Shu 1, Salman R Punekar 2, Vamsidhar Velcheti 2, Miguel F Sanmamed 3, Jun Wang 1 2
4-1BB has been considered a promising target in cancer immunotherapy for decades. Nevertheless, early 4-1BB-targeted agents demonstrated significant liver immuno-toxicity. A new wave of 4-1BB-based therapy is being developed to circumvent hepatotoxicity with a bispecific molecule that directs 4-1BB agonism to the tumor microenvironment by targeting tumor-associated immune checkpoint molecule PD-L1. See related article by Peper-Gabriel et al., p. 3387.