Publicaciones científicas

Brainstem neuromelanin and iron MRI reveals a precise signature for idiopathic and LRRK2 Parkinson's disease

05-abr-2023 | Revista: JPJ Parkinson's Disease

Martín Martínez # 1 2, Mikel Ariz # 3, Ignacio Alvarez 4, Gabriel Castellanos 5, Miquel Aguilar 4, Jorge Hernández-Vara 6, Núria Caballol 7 8, Alicia Garrido 9 10, Àngels Bayés 8, Dolores Vilas 11 12, Maria Jose Marti 9 10; Catalonian Neuroimaging Parkinson’s disease Consortium; Pau Pastor # 13 14, Carlos Ortiz de Solórzano # 15, Maria A Pastor # 16 17


Neuromelanin (NM) loss in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and locus coeruleus (LC) reflects neuronal death in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Since genetically-determined PD shows varied clinical expressivity, we wanted to accurately quantify and locate brainstem NM and iron, to discover whether specific MRI patterns are linked to Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 G2019S PD (LRRK2-PD) or idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD). A 3D automated MRI atlas-based segmentation pipeline (3D-ABSP) for NM/iron-sensitive MRI images topographically characterized the SNc, LC, and red nucleus (RN) neuronal loss and calculated NM/iron contrast ratio (CR) and normalized volume (nVol).

Left-side NM nVol was larger in all groups. PD had lower NM CR and nVol in ventral-caudal SNc, whereas iron increased in lateral, medial-rostral, and caudal SNc. The SNc NM CR reduction was associated with psychiatric symptoms. LC CR and nVol discriminated better among subgroups: LRRK2-PD had similar LC NM CR and nVol as that of controls, and larger LC NM nVol and RN iron CR than iPD. PD showed higher iron SNc nVol than controls, especially among LRRK2-PD. ROC analyses showed an AUC > 0.92 for most pairwise subgroup comparisons, with SNc NM being the best discriminator between HC and PD.

NM measures maintained their discriminator power considering the subgroup of PD patients with less than 5 years of disease duration. The SNc iron CR and nVol increase was associated with longer disease duration in PD patients. The 3D-ABSP sensitively identified NM and iron MRI patterns strongly correlated with phenotypic PD features.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  NPJ Parkinsons Dis. 2023 Apr 15;9(1):62. doi: 10.1038/s41531-023-00503-2.

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