Publicaciones científicas

Gene therapy for liver diseases - progress and challenges

20-may-2023 | Revista: Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Nerea Zabaleta 1, Carmen Unzu 2, Nicholas D Weber 3, Gloria Gonzalez-Aseguinolaza 4 5


Gene therapy is poised to revolutionize modern medicine, with seemingly unlimited potential for treating and curing genetic disorders. For otherwise incurable indications, including most inherited metabolic liver disorders, gene therapy provides a realistic therapeutic option. In this Review, we discuss gene supplementation and gene editing involving the use of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors for the treatment of inherited liver diseases, including updates on several ongoing clinical trials that are producing promising results. Clinical testing has been essential in highlighting many key translational challenges associated with this transformative therapy. In particular, the interaction of a patient's immune system with the vector raises issues of safety and the duration of treatment efficacy.

Furthermore, several serious adverse events after the administration of high doses of rAAVs suggest greater involvement of innate immune responses and pre-existing hepatic conditions than initially anticipated. Finally, permanent modification of the host genome associated with rAAV genome integration and gene editing raises concerns about the risk of oncogenicity that require careful evaluation. We summarize the main progress, challenges and pathways forward for gene therapy for liver diseases.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 May;20(5):288-305. doi: 10.1038/s41575-022-00729-0. Epub 2023 Jan 16.