- [SOLID TUMOR]
- [ONCOGENES AND EFFECTOR TARGETS]
- [ADHESION AND METASTASIS]
- [GENE THERAPY AND REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION]
- [NON-CODING RNA IN HEPATOCARCINOMA AND OTHER LIVER DISEASES]
- [COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY]
The Mir181ab1 cluster promotes KRAS-driven oncogenesis and progression in lung and pancreas
Karmele Valencia, Oihane Erice, Kaja Kostyrko, Simone Hausmann, Elizabeth Guruceaga, Anuradha Tathireddy, Natasha M Flores, Leanne C Sayles, Alex G Lee, Rita Fragoso, Tian-Qiang Sun, Adrian Vallejo, Marta Roman, Rodrigo Entrialgo-Cadierno, Itziar Migueliz, Nerea Razquin, Puri Fortes, Fernando Lecanda, Jun Lu, Mariano Ponz-Sarvise, Chang-Zheng Chen, Pawel K Mazur, E Alejandro Sweet-Cordero, Silvestre Vicent
Few therapies are currently available for patients with KRAS-driven cancers, highlighting the need to identify new molecular targets that modulate central downstream effector pathways. Here we found that the microRNA (miRNA) cluster including miR181ab1 is a key modulator of KRAS-driven oncogenesis. Ablation of Mir181ab1 in genetically engineered mouse models of Kras-driven lung and pancreatic cancer was deleterious to tumor initiation and progression.
Expression of both resident miRNAs in the Mir181ab1 cluster, miR181a1 and miR181b1, was necessary to rescue the Mir181ab1-loss phenotype, underscoring their nonredundant role. In human cancer cells, depletion of miR181ab1 impaired proliferation and 3D growth, whereas overexpression provided a proliferative advantage. Lastly, we unveiled miR181ab1-regulated genes responsible for this phenotype. These studies identified what we believe to be a previously unknown role for miR181ab1 as a potential therapeutic target in 2 highly aggressive and difficult to treat KRAS-mutated cancers.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO J Clin Invest. 2020 Apr 1;130(4):1879-1895. doi: 10.1172/JCI129012.